Early Kingdoms and the British Colonial Era
In the 3rd century BC Buddhism arrived in Myanmar. Firstly, the country was colonised by the Mon, the Pyu and finally by the Tai. Tai´s kingdom chose Bagan as their capital, which prospered in the 9th to 10th century and collapsed in the 13th century. Myanmar´s history continued with the kingdoms of the Shan, the Mon and Taungu, until in 1886 the British overthroned the last Burmese king and then, colonised the country.

Fight for Independence and the Second World War
The colonisation by the British precipitated the country in an important crisis, deepening more and more with protests from the Burmese society. The radical Thakin-Group confederated with the Japanese military government. Together, in 1941, they took over the British colony. After Burma´s occupation by Japan and later again by England, the country declared its independence in 1948.

Ne Win´s Dictatorship and the SLORC
After a military coup, General Ne Win assumed the power in 1962. His socialistic politics isolated Burma´s economy and caused a servere crisis. In 1988 the military supressed the countrywide protests and created the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC), a new military party. Burma was renamed "Union of Myanmar" in 1989.

Aung San Suu Kyi and the NLD
Aung San Suu Kyi, foundress of the National League for Democracy (NLD), contributed to the victory of her party in the 1990 election. However, the military junta didn´t accept the results of the election. In 1991 Aung San Suu Kyi received the Nobel Prize for Peace. Since then she´s living in a house arrest and many of her fellow party members were arrested by the Government. Moderate progress was observed in the last years regarding the negotiations between her and the State Peace and Development Council (former SLORC).
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